Back Pain

Failed Back Syndrome

Failed back syndrome isn’t really a syndrome at all. Rather it is a general term for to describe the condition of patients who have pain after a failed back or spinal surgery. Failed back syndrome is a broad term because there are many reasons that back surgery may be considered a failure. Read More

Diabetic Neuropathy

More than 200,000 people in the US alone suffer from diabetic neuropathy. About half of all people with diabetes suffer from some form of nerve damage. It is more pronounced in those who have had diabetes for a number of years and can potentially lead to a number of problems. Read More

Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is a common cause of low back pain and leg pain. This degenerative condition is commonly associated with a herniated disc. The term refers to changes in the intervertebral discs that cushion the bones of the spine. As we age, chemical changes occur and wear & tear from lifting and other activities can put pressure on the discs. Read More

Herniated Disc

A herniated disc is a problem with one of the disks that are between each individual vertebrae that make your spine. Our spinal discs have a softer center that is encased in a tougher exterior. A herniated disc occurs when one of your discs tears and the softer interior begins to push out of the encasing. Read More

Sciatica (Sciatic Nerve Pain)

Sciatica is a fairly well-spread and common symptom. It can be a pain, tingling, or numbness produced by nerve root irritation that leads to the sciatic nerve. Nerve roots come out of the spinal cord in the lower back. In the diagram below you can see where it goes through the buttock, then extends down the leg to the ankle and foot. Read More


Coccydynia is an inflammation of the tip of the tailbone, called the coccyx, which results in pain between the buttocks. What Causes Coccydynia? Causes of Coccydynia include: Sitting for an extended period Childbirth A sudden injury (such as a fall) It often develops spontaneously and the cause is unknown, or idiopathic. Read More

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a disease of the spine, which is characterized by inflammation and results in fusion of the vertebrae. As a result, the spine loses flexibility, and the patient will lose the normal spinal curvature, resulting in a “hunched” posture. Read More


Arthritis is a chronic health condition that affects more than 50 million Americans. The term “arthritis” encompasses a variety of musculoskeletal disorders and affects people of all ages. The Most Common Types of Arthritis: osteoarthritis – a progressive degenerative disease resulting from destruction of joint cartilage rheumatoid arthritis – an autoimmune disease that is characterized by inflammation of the tissues lining the joints juvenile arthritis – any arthritic condition occurring in children younger than 16 years of age Osteoarthritis: The pain experienced by patients with osteoarthritis results from breakdown of cartilage and the lubricant material that protects the bones. Read More

Compression Fractures of the Spine

Compression fractures of the spine result from weakening of the bony structure of the vertebral body through conditions like osteoporosis, and are often the result of excessive pressure or another injury. A compression fracture usually refers to collapse of the anterior portion of the vertebral body, and most commonly occurs in the lower part of the thoracic spine or the first lumbar spine. Read More

Back Pain

According to the American Chiropractic Association, 80% of Americans will experience back pain at some point in their lives. Back pain is one of the most common problems that bring patients to their physician or to the emergency room. It is also a common cause of missed work. Read More

Extruded Discs

Extruded discs begins with disc herniation. The disc is a round structure that forms a protective cushion between the vertebrae, or bones of the spinal column. They protect your back through the range of motion and also support and cushion your spinal column as it bears weight. Read More

Piriformis Syndrome

Piriformis Syndrome is slightly tricky to diagnose. One cause of pain in the buttocks and hip region may be misdiagnosed as a problem of the lumbar spine, as it causes pressure on the sciatic nerve, which is a large nerve that provides motor and sensory function to the buttocks and back. Read More

Sacroiliac Joint Pain

The sacrum is the base of the spine. It is made up of 5 vertebrae that do not articulate or move like the rest of the spine. The vertebrae that make up the sacrum and coccyx are fused together. The bones of the pelvis are formed by two large bones called the iliac bones. Read More

Joint Pain

At any point in the body where two bones meet, they form a joint. There are many types of joints in the body. They have various types of structures to allow the bones to articulate and have a wide range of movement. Read More

Upper Back Pain

Injury or overuse of the muscles, ligaments, and discs that support the upper portion of the spinal column usually leads to upper back pain. The most common pain is myofascial – pain in the muscles or the connective ligaments in the upper back. Read More


Osteoarthritis is a disease of the joints. According to the CDC, it is the most common form of arthritis and affects over 20 million Americans. Osteoarthritis is characterized by stiffness, reduced range of motion, and deep pain in the joints that increases with use. Read More

Chronic Pain Syndrome

Chronic pain syndrome is complex and poorly defined. Most doctors consider pain that lasts longer than six months as diagnostic of chronic pain syndrome. It is a syndrome that consists of a variety of features which don’t always respond to a medical model. Read More

Curvature of the Spine

The spine is made up of small bones called vertebrae that are stacked on top of each other, with a cushioning disc between each of the 24 articulating bones of the spine. The base of the spine, forming the coccyx and sacrum, are made of fused vertebrae. Read More


What is Spondylolisthesis? Spondylolisthesis is a disorder caused by damage or defect to a joint in the back, resulting in one of the spinal bones, or vertebrae, slipping forward on the vertebrae beneath it. Disorders that result in spondylolisthesis include congenital deformities of the joint, trauma, stress or compress fractures, or degenerative changes due to arthritis and sometimes due to infection. Read More

Bulging Disc

What Causes a Bulging Disc? Bulging or herniated discs often causes pain in the lower back and legs. The lower back is normally the site of disc herniation. 5 vertebrae, known as the lumbar vertebrae, make up the low back. Between each vertebrae, there is a fibrous pad with a firm outer rim known as the annulus fibrosis. Read More


Scoliosis is a condition of abnormal spinal curvature. Your backbone, or spine, should normally run straight down the middle of your back when viewed from behind. In patients who have scoliosis, the spine may curve in a pattern that looks like a “c” or an “S” when viewed from behind. Read More

Lower Back Pain

Because the lower back includes many different structures, there are many possible causes for lower back pain. According to the American Chiropractic Association, lower back pain is the most common cause for disability worldwide. Keep in mind that back pain is chronic if you have experienced the pain for more than a few weeks.   Read More

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a common cause of low back pain, although it can occur in both the cervical (upper) and lumbar spine. The vertebrae are bones that connect with ligaments and tendons to form a canal to protect your spinal cord. Read More

Vertebral Pain

Chronic vertebral pain, or back pain lasting longer than 3 to 6 months, occurs commonly and is very challenging to treat. Often, the cause is not clear, and response to treatment is inadequate. If a lesion cannot be identified with imaging or neuromuscular studies, then some researches have suggested that chronic pain may be a result of learned behavior resulting from some initial injury. Read More